Case material Zippo, coverage options and methods of application of decor
Generally cover Zippo lighters always struck my fancy, so this is a vast topic. Of course, finding a precise description of the Internet is impossible in principle, it is easier to go to Bradford and ask around the staff making plant Zippo! Therefore, on the material from which made Zippo can only talk about, speculate and pushing various hypotheses. Similarly, it is impossible to cover every covering separately. We all understand how Zippo lighters produced since 1932 to this day. The existence of many models, we sometimes do not know at all. But the main thing in this review, I will try to cover.
I think most of us know that 90% of Zippo lighters are made of thin sheets of brass, it is brass (English brass). If this model, solid brass, it is usually the color of the metal in her home - gold. Historically, this coating does not proved, solid brass model on an ongoing basis as production models were produced in about the 1980s.
Another thing, when we see the Zippo common metal color. This does not mean that, unlike the model Brass golden, Zippo metallic color is made of a different metal, not at all. Simply take the same model solid brass and is subject to special treatment - first nickel plating (nickel - surface treatment products by applying to them a nickel coating, the thickness of the coating is usually from 1 to 50 microns and are usually treated with nickel plated metal products made of steel or other metals and alloys, including copper, zinc, aluminum, less manganese, titanium, tungsten or molybdenum), and then chrome plating - respectively coated on the surface of the nickel layer, a layer of chromium. Typically, this process is carried out by immersing the body in a lighter plating bath.
Of course, if we're talking about the usual classic chrome housing, you can not fail to mention the flavors of the surface casing. When we look at different models of Zippo in the pages of online stores and catalogs, we can see the following descriptions: street chrome, brushed chrome, solid brass, black ice, black, green, pink matte, high polish, satin chrome, etc. What, indeed, is this term? Many times it seems that we are talking about the description of the shell, but in fact, it's just kind of the case, that is, variations of surface treatment housing, not variations of metal of which the body is made.
Begin to understand at a time, but even then the description is based on the feeling that causes this or that area, because to say exactly how it is achieved by one or another variation of the surface, that is, how and by what means, to us, perhaps, no one can say. In principle, the most common types of cover are the following classic Zippo.
Brushed Chrome - polished surface, roughly speaking, in the form of longitudinal scratches. Probably one of the most common coatings Zippo lighter.
High Polish Crome - polished, very often it is somehow confused with the surface brushed chrome. Oh, and do not forget that it is possible as well and covering high polish brass, if it is a model Zippo «golden" color, and of high polish sterling silver, if it is the silver Zippo. Coverage is high polish, so to speak, a few solemn character.
Shiny, smooth, even-looking sliding cover, can immediately draw an eye with a solid view!
Talk about polishing. So, polishing - a metal surface, which is done by grinding or electroplating. Thanks to polished metal removed asperities on the product surface. In manual polishing paste is applied to the felt and it makes a circular motion on the surface of the product (by the way, for those who want to polish their Zippo!). Mechanical polishing perform polishing wheel made of felt or cotton fabric, oiled pasta.
Grinding - is the processing of the metal surface, which includes the machining of metals, which are eliminated in the process of significant irregularities before polishing. Metals used for grinding abrasive natural or artificial, depending on the hardness of the material of the product. Hard abrasives - corundum and silicon carbide - used for grinding hardened steel, manganese bronze, etc. Emery polishing ferrous and nonferrous metals; rouge (iron oxide) or pumice powder - brass, zinc, aluminum, polishing or Vienna lime - soft metals and alloys. Good polishing properties is chromium oxide, so it is used for polishing of hard and soft metals.
Thus, we can bring a little up, grinding and polishing - it's not the same, and different procedures for processing the metal surface prior to each other. Accordingly, brushed - polished surface, polish - polished.
Street Chrome - one of the most "unpretentious" coatings.
Many users prefer to buy Zippo model is coated with "every day." This is justified by its very high resistance when it comes to the performance of surface quality lighters. Even after a long time of using such a model little sign of wear is usually not observed. But, again, let's not forget that a lot depends on the owner. Of course, if you hold the lighter surface of stone or brick wall, kept spotless and immaculate new species is unlikely to succeed.
Satin Chrome - it is a very special treatment, the surface as if covered in tiny dots. Something like velvet. Very pleasant to the touch.
Well, probably not for nothing is it called satin. What is satin - glossy technology (Italian satinatura - polishing, giving luster). Kind of polishing. Performed with special brushes with diamond fibers, to achieve the effect of matte, glossy, slightly "aged" surface.
Next, you should pay attention, because it is on such a word as solid. For example, Solid Brass. This means that the model is made of pure brass with no brass alloys with other metals. Let's open a little secret. Logically, then to any model with a chrome finish, hiding nothing, like Solid Brass. So that in principle any Zippo, chrome-plated is actually normal brass Zippo.
Zippo Solid Copper (born copper - red copper) - this means that the model Zippo is made of pure red copper (99.9%), with no alloys with other metals.
Zippo Solid Titanium - respectively completely pure titanium body, not fusion! In the history of Zippo, was released only one such model in 2001 at number 110. Full name of Zippo 110 Solid Titanium.
But! If you look at the websites of Japanese Zippo, you can find a whole series of Zippo, with description - titanium coated.
So there! Do not confuse it with the usual Zippo thin titanium coating, while the model Zippo Solid Titanium all made of pure titanium.
At one time, the company attempted to release a Zippo lighter series of aluminum, but at the expense of aluminum Zippo somehow we'll talk in a separate review. The main thing I want to mention here that the company used technology anodized coating, as well as the technology of the aluminum coating. Something like coating is applied to the model Solid Titanium.
If you suddenly see a Zippo ever, which is not only a stamp on the bottom, but also on the cover, do not panic! This is a special series called Zippo Bottomz Up, whose stamp is not only on the bottom, as well as any other Zippo, but also on top of the lid, where you can see the distinctive icon, indicating that this series of lighter Bottomz Up.
Solid Gold - I think, is beyond doubt. Pure gold case lighters.
Regarding silver Zippo situation is somewhat different. In English, the word translated as sterling sterling silver. But to say that the body is made of pure silver will also not entirely true. Sterling (English Sterling [silver]) - the name of an alloy of 92.5% and higher silver and 7.5% other metals, usually copper (silver 925 and above). 999 fine silver is too soft for large objects, so it is usually alloyed with copper to give strength while maintaining ductility and beauty of the precious metal.
As ligature instead of copper or with her attempts to use other metals to improve the quality - reducing porosity, increased wear resistance for toning color, eliminate blackening. For these purposes, germanium, zinc, platinum, titanium, and various additions - silicon, and boron. However, the de facto standard is the addition of an alloy with copper.
Obviously, we can not say Solid Silver - silver model called Sterling.
Further, there are models such as the Gold Filled and Silver Plate. This, of course, gold and silver lighters, they simply covered with a thin layer of gold and silver. Such a way, Silver Plate - Silver-plated housing surface
Gold Filled - gilded. Silver Plate models are usually marked an inscription on the bottom of the lighter.
And gold is usually marked gold filled or GF
Consider a series of lighters antique - antique silver, antique brass, antique copper.
From the title of the series it is clear that antique - it is something antique and old. These lighters has been specially treated to ensure that it seemed lighter old has passed through the fire, water and copper pipes. But, at the same time, for the coating hides the usual brass Zippo, it will be noticeable after heavy use, when the outer coating will climb round. Accordingly antique silver made as vintage silver, Antique copper under the red brass, antique brass for a classic vintage brass Zippo.
The prototype of this series - a series of Zippo Sunrise.
The same idea - Zippo Silver Sunrise, Zippo Brass Sunrise, Zippo Copper Sunrise. Only here do not cover already made "antique", as in a series of antique, but more modern and "avant-garde" style. The result was a very beautiful series of interesting and unusual hull coatings.
Models of armor (armored body) we will not dwell in detail, you can read about them here .
Smoothly proceed to consider the coating of "color" Zippo. For example, Zippo Black (Green, Pink, Red) Matte.
Matte word means in this context a matte surface. Take the usual brass Zippo and covered with a coat of paint of any color. Accordingly, it is not watercolor and gouache, and specifically the application of powder coating by sintering. Of course, neither of which metal is red or black, for example, out of the question. For clarity, here is an example of "black" Zippo:
As you can see, if you look on the inside cover of the lighter, you can see the yellow of, is nothing like the color of the metal, of which the case.
Since the stamp on the bottom of the lighter is an integral part of the definition of authenticity, in 2003 the company became a special Zippo remove a layer of "paint" from the bottom of the lighter with laser technology on all models, matte, so that the user can easily see the information that bears the stamp
Now on to such models as 21063 Candy Apple Red and 21,066 Cool Kiwi.
In this case, we are dealing again with the "colored" Zippo, but the surface of the lighter matte, alas, not name. Here the technology was used PVD (born physical vapour deposition; abbreviated PVD) - condensation from vapor deposition (gas) phase. It was in 2006. It was only later added three more models covered by the same technology - candy raspberry, candy teal, toffee.
It all began in 2002, when the next congress Zippo collectors and fans in celebration of the day was presented Zippo technology PVD. At the same time were sent on mission to show the model in a series of Spectrum, coverage of which was performed with the help of this technology. Spectrum - a very beautiful coat, something associated with "chameleon". Apparently makes itself felt rich colors.
By PVD technology also applied by us all your favorite cover Black Ice.
Black Ice - quite beautiful and original cover, which, in fact, can "play" with the light. On the one hand, it is black, but on the other hand, a brilliant, mirror, respectively, can be poured. Get some mixture in the form of a black mirror tinting. Eventually, when the cover is erased, its charm is not lost, and begins its new cycle and appears in a different light!
What is PVD-technology? PVD - is the processing of the metal surface in a vacuum environment by exposure to molecules of other metals to produce highly durable and solid surface products. For the process of PVD-treatment mainly used titanium and zirconium. PVD method can be used for different materials, including stainless steel and brass. Timber became first carefully polished and then PVD-applied treatment. The product is pre-nickel plated brass, chrome plated and then and only then applied PVD-coated.
The main value of PVD-technology is the ability to modify the surface properties of the product without affecting the properties and biochemical functionality of the base material. PVD-покрытие чрезвычайно плотно и равномерно прилегает к основе, не содержит микротрещин, является защитным слоем, устойчивым к истиранию и появлению царапин. Процесс обработки поверхности происходит следующим образом: в закрытой вакуумной камере молекулы циркония «бомбардируют» поверхность металла и распределяются среди его молекул под воздействием высокого давления и температуры (до 1200°С). Затем, в течение 30 минут, металл постепенно застывает. Комбинирование вакуумного воздействия и процесса затвердевания даёт возможность получить покрытие, которое будет обладать уже качественно другими характеристиками.
PVD-поверхность устойчива к царапинам, ударам и механическим воздействиям. Слишком тяжёлые механические нагрузки могут привести к механическим деформациям материала, но при этом его характеристики, в том числе и поверхностные свойства на прочность, останутся неизменными.
Согласно описанию каталога, эта технология нанесения своего рода «прозрачного слоя» на поверхность зажигалки. И действительно, если внимательно приглядеться, это есть не что иное, как тончайшее напыление на корпус Зиппо!
Но если мы обратимся к этой модели Зиппо Black Licorice , то здесь по сути уже нанесен полупрозрачный слой на поверхность зажигалки.
Отдельно хочу поговорить о покрытии crackle .
В годы Второй мировой завод Zippo перешёл на выпуск зажигалок из стали, так как все остальные металлы считались стратегическими и использовались только в военных нуждах. Almost 100% of the products sold in the Zippo U.S. forces. Steel used in the manufacture of Zippo to 1945 inclusive. Зажигалки этого периода красились чёрной краской, и после краска запекалась, образуя так называемый Black Crackle — чёрный паутинчатый рисунок, или кракелюр. Делалось это для того, чтобы металлическая поверхность зажигалки не бликовала, давая тем самым вражеским снайперам удобный случай для выстрела.
Не надо путать это покрытие с покрытием типа matte. По сути, конечно, же, принцип один и тот же, и там, и там краска. Только вот если это matte — то это более гладкая поверхность, а crackle, наоборот, более грубая и шероховатая поверхность. Как правило, модели black crackle были основными зажигалками Зиппо в годы Второй мировой (и, кстати, такое же покрытие делалось в то время ещё на доброй дюжине других марок зажигалок).
Here's the macro picture lighters Matawan with the same coating Crackle. No matter that it is not Zippo, are one and the same, and most importantly, what I want to draw your attention - it's the coating. Amazing shots, lets consider all in the finest detail, including itself, the so-called "spider web":
Very nice cover, but, of course, is not eternal. Zippo is a sample of the Second World. Once it was all our favorite Zippo Black Crackle, but over time, the paint peeled and left is such a classic steel Zippo:
Today's models crackle, but different colors can be found in the Japanese market Zippo. This model really is popular among collectors. Есть в ней что–то необычное.
A little get away from the topic and talk about some of the peculiarities of the case, or rather his material.
In addition to the metallic coating hulls in 1950. компания Зиппо выпустила зажигалки с покрытием кожи разных цветов. Today, these models can be found at various auctions, they are quite rare and are, respectively, in view of the fact that commonplace and popular models will not name. They in turn were divided into models that were completely covered in leather:
А в 1952 году стали выпускать модели, которые были покрыты кожей частично:
В период 1951 — конец 53 гг. завод Zippo снова перешел на изготовление зажигалок из стали во время войны между Северной и Южной Кореей, в ходе которой США выступали на стороне Южной Кореи. Со временем сталь на зажигалках стиралась до характерной черноты, поэтому судить насколько это красиво — дело вкуса каждого:
В 1974 году компания Зиппо начала выпускать серию моделей Venetian с выгравированными на корпусе различными узорами из плавных, прямых и закругляющихся линий в венецианском стиле. Спустя более трех десятилетий серия Venetian пополняется все новыми экземплярами, привлекая внимание не только любителей зажигалок, но и ценителей красоты, так сказать эстетов. Каждая зажигалка из серии Venetian украшена узорами с обеих сторон.
It was the usual model with four plastic inserts, which, respectively, was applied to the image. More information about the models in this series can be read here .
Another series of Zippo lighters that are not fully metallic coating - Zippo Scrimshaw.
They began to appear around the same years as the model series Ultralite. The image is applied to the acrylic surface of the lighter, which is covered by the case. But this series of Zippo we will talk separately.
One of the Zippo lighter coatings - enamel surface. We all remember the amazing beauty of the Zippo Kelvinator in the form of small white refrigerator. So, its surface is nothing like enamel.
Although it is not entirely relevant to the topic, but still recall the model Zippo Lossproof - Zippo, protected from loss.
That is, of course, does not mean that you are never in her life will not be able to lose. Simply fastened to it a special loop that winds lace. Thus, this cord can wrap your wrist and to their favorite Zippo!
Well, another one of the models released - Zippo Black Zip Guard. A distinctive feature of this model is a kind of rubber "armor".
A common model Brushed Chrome protected original "shell", which in the event of a cigarette lighter, can take all the hit, thus softening the unfortunate "landing." This cover is made for the convenience of capturing the lighter in his hand.
In fact, the most basic questions of the material of the case, and we have reviewed. Gradually move to the peculiarities of the application "decor." Logically, then some cheresur intricate and complex techniques in the path of the truth we do not meet. When it comes to production models, and hence the large scale production, there is, as a rule, use the most "traditional" methods of drawing the image, namely engraving and "thermal". Here Zippo featuring American whiskey barrels - bourbon branded Jim Beam.
Here are just used the technology of "thermal". As the owner of the Zippo once, I can say that the touch is distinctly felt that the figure applied over the case, despite the fact that the photographs it looks a bit different. But make everything neat, high quality, no visible traces of artifacts on the cover of lighters left.
Another thing engraving. Here, image or inscription printed IN THE SURFACE case and not on top of it.
That is, we mean not just print the image on the surface of the body. Drawing done by printing, erased quickly with a very active operation. Sufficiently vilify the lighter in your pocket with keys, coins and other metal objects a couple of months or so and, as they say, the result is on the face. Some of my colleagues simply washed with acetone drawings and rough tough cloth. However, this does not mean that the pattern oblezet one day. It all depends on the owner. As long as you do not "help" your Zippo, drawing will not be erased. Although let's not forget the fact that nothing lasts forever! In fact, as I explained to the guys from the engraving workshop, the image is applied directly to the metal of construction of the main part of the case, if we say, for example, Zippo, covered with paint in a series of matte. Well, if this is a common Zippo chrome-plated, it is all clear. There are, of course, another way of engraving - hand. For example, the Vietnam War Zippo. We all know that Zippo lighters were sometimes the only piece of "paper" on which the soldiers were able to express their feelings, ideas and experiences. As such, this Zippo, which is engraved - "Please! Do not tell me about Vietnam, because I was there. "
At the present stage of hand engraving - is expensive and is usually used for the exclusive and limited edition Zippo.
Another notable example of custom work for Zippo lighters are masterpieces by Paul Fleming and Claudio Mazza . Yes, here it is a manual operation, also the possibility of individual orders from collectors. But consequently, the work of these artists are very expensive copies, so mass production are not talking. Many of the works of Paul and Claudio are the only ones of their kind. But, nevertheless, we should bear in mind that such methods of applying decoration to the body Zippo is.
On these lighters image applied a little unusual, but it is on the inside of the housing, so figure becomes a convex, so looks interesting and original:
Do not forget also about a series of lighters Zippo Town and Country . Typically, this is also a kind of manual work, namely, hand-painting the image, followed by heating ink.
Один из способов нанесения изображений на корпус — это техника «trench-art» . Здесь можно говорить как о ручной самодельной гравировке, так и о приклеивании к корпусу Зиппо различных накладок, крестов, медальонов, монет, которые, в свою очередь, тоже несут в себе какое–то изображение. Некоторые из подобных экземпляров стоят не так уж и дешево, в основном, конечно, это винтажные зажигалки военных лет.
Среди современных серийных моделей Зиппо так же встречаются зажигалки с «накладками», но изготовленные уже не самостоятельно, а непосредственно на заводе Зиппо.
Обычно эти модели отличаются весом. Они потяжелее классических моделей без «накладок» и обладают более глухим щелчком при закрытии и открытии зажигалки.
В заключение остановимся на серии Zippo Realtree ®.
On the surface of this series lighters applied the so-called "camouflage images", as it was assumed that such Zippo will appeal to lovers of hunting and trips into the countryside. On the "three-dimensional" drawings depict branches, leaves, different shades, stalks, tree trunks with a high degree of detail and clarity in accordance with the technology high definition - high resolution. Sometimes an image can "play" with the light, which makes this series lighters very interesting specimen.