The distant land where gold under your feet: Zippo and Alaska
On this Zippo 1955 we see the inscription US Naval Station a submarine surveillance center, as well as image totem Adak Island. Adak Island once served as the U.S. defense against the Japanese during the Second World War. After the War it was based Naval Air Station USA. During the "Cold War" Adak served as an observatory SOSUS (Sound Surveillance System) :
Speaking of the totem, that in Alaska they found a lot, but as far as I know, this is not religious items. They talk about various events and illustrate stories from the life of the indigenous people of this region. On this Zippo shows one of these totems .
Next Zippo 1962 is a good example, when for one simple picture hides a story, one has only to dig a little deeper:
It depicts the king crab of Wakefield Seafoods Inc., Founded in 1945, Lowell Wakefield, a pioneer in the production of frozen crab meat. He was a pioneer of this marine delicacy. For example, in 1892 in Japan for canned meat king crab. Even some of Alaska engaged in such activity. But the enterprising and resourceful Wakefield saw much further than their competitors. When he worked at his family's factory on the island Raspberi in Alaska, I found that frozen crab meat retains its flavor is much better preserved. This secured him a key to success, and thus, he found his niche in the market and further processing of catching crabs. In 1945, Wakefield founded his company Deep Sea Trawlers, which was engaged in fishing, processing and freezing crabs. In consequence, the company was renamed Wakefield Seafoods Inc. and lasted until the beginning of the 1960s. In 1968, Wakefield Seafoods Inc. was sold to the Corporation Hunt Wesson Foods, Inc. Plant Wakefield Fisheries processing crabmeat located in Port Wakefield, Alaska - vanished village on the northeast coast of the island Raspberi formed after World War II. The cause of the "death" of the item was great Alaskan earthquake of March 27, 1964. The event fell on Good Friday in the United States known as the Good Friday Earthquake. After disappearance of the Port Wakefield, the former location of the village has been the object of tourism. Processing plant crab meat was moved to the city of Port Lions on Kodiak Island.
Next Zippo 1965 is just a reminder of the terrible earthquake of March 27, 1964:
As you can see it says "Great Alaskan Earthquake 1964" - The Great Alaskan Earthquake of 1964. Also on the lighter body shows a crack in the ground and face the exact time 17:36. It was at this time there was one of the most powerful earthquakes in U.S. history. Magnitude was 9.2 on the Richter scale. However, the earthquake was not the only disaster in those days - it also led to a strong tsunami.
Another Zippo 1967 tells us about the naval base in the United States in Kodiak
It began operations in 1941 as Air Force and the U.S. naval base, and in 1985 became a national historic site.
Today, in its place is the base the U.S. Coast Guard in Alaska.
Next Zippo Slim 1971 with the words "Alaska ... North to the Future" (Alaska ... in the North in the future) advertises brewer Rainier Brewing. The history of the company in each source is interpreted in different ways, but in most of them the starting point of reference can be considered in 1878. From that year began producing beer under the name Rainier Beer. In 1883, Andrew Hemrick and his partner John Kopp founded the company "Kopp & Hemrich" in Seattle. In 1885 they were joined by relatives Hemrick, who bought out the Coppa, and thus, the company was renamed the Bay View Brewing Company led by Andrew Hemrick. In 1893, the family-owned company has been merged with Hemrick breweries Albert Braun and Claussen-Sweeney . Together they formed the company Seattle Brewing & Malting Company. Brand new association was beer Rainier.
But in January 1920, the U.S. entered into force "dry law" prohibiting the sale of alcohol and treatment. In connection with this recession began economic development, as well as increased levels of crime. Gang associations began to cash in on the underground alcohol trade and smuggling. As a result, in 1933, "Prohibition" in the U.S. was lifted. In connection with the "dry law" Hemrick family was forced to sell its brewery Montek Robert the Bruce and his partner, Manley Harshmenu who converted brewery plant grind flour and coarse grains. Plant called Bayview Milling Company.
The company lasted until 1933, until it was bought Emil Sick. He again altered plant that once belonged to the family Hemrick, a brewery, and founded Century Brewing Association, which later became known as the Rainier Brewery.
Moving on to the stage and we Zippo 1972 depicting a ferocious polar bear.
The inscription is the name of the village of Teller on the Seward Peninsula in western Alaska, located in the NOM or census area (English Nome Census Area) - a special unit of the territorial division of the State of Alaska. According to the 2000 census, the village population was 268 people. The village was named in honor of the station on the content of reindeer herds in 1900. This station operated from 1892 to 1900. and was named in honor of the American policy, the Minister of Internal Affairs in the U.S. 1882-1885 gg. Henry Teller.
Next is the Zippo 1972 featuring riders on a snowmobile.
Galen inscription implies a large settlement, established in 1918 in the area of the census under the name Yukon-Koyukuk. According to the 2000 census the population was 675 people. Galena is located in a remote region of Alaska. It was formed on the site of some of their fishing communities. During the gold rush in Alaska Galen played the role of public transport hub. After the Second World War, it is now located near the U.S. Air Force abandoned airfield.
On the next Sipo 1972 monument depicts "the end of the Alaska Highway» (End of the Alaska Highway) in Delta Junction (English Delta Junction), located on slyanii River Delta and Tanana.
Alaska Highway (or Alaska Highway), connecting Alaska and Canada, was built during the Second World War. It carried on various food supply U.S. military bases in Alaska, as well as the track was used as a supply route for U.S. military aircraft to the Soviet Union to Kamchatka. The route has its origins in the town of Dawson Creek, British Columbia, where the monument that marks the beginning of the route (third right), and its end point is the city of Delta Junction, Alaska with a monument to those shown in our Zippo. Now this road is extended to Feyrbenks city, which is known as the "Golden Heart of Alaska" by friendliness of its inhabitants, or because of its geographical position. There is also a view that it was there in 1902, gold was discovered.
Image of the Zippo 1972 is a little familiar by her older "sister" in 1962. Once again, we see the image of the Royal red crab. Bristol Bay is the most abundant habitat of red crab in Alaska. Typically, it begins to catch the autumn - winter and lasts several months.
On the next Zippo 1972 we see the image of a red Viking ship - the wooden Viking ship, which is the symbol of Petersburg Fisheries, Inc. Now its factory is a subsidiary of Icicle Seafoods, Inc.
Petersburg Fisheries, Inc. The oldest operating plant in Alaska for processing marine products. It is located in St. Petersburg, which was founded in 1910 and named after Peter Buschmann, a Norwegian immigrant who settled on the north end of Mitkof Island in the late 1890s. The way to get to St. Petersburg only by air or sea, as the village is located on the island. Most of the plant's workers are seasonal, but after a few seasons of use in Petersburg, many of them migrated to the island to work in the factory on a regular basis.
On this Zippo 1972 depicts an Eskimo in a canoe with a spear in his hand. Kotzebue (Kotzebue) is a city in Alaska, located 50 km north of the Arctic Circle. Population of over 3,000 inhabitants, 70% of whom are Inuit - Iñupiat Eskimo.
Next in line we have Zippo slim 1972 series of «Town & Country» logo Naval Station Adak U.S., a place which is also known as the "Birthplace of the Wind" - a place where the wind is born, or the birthplace of wind. This is due to the very strong and harsh winds, which sometimes blows the roof of houses, knocked out windows and undermines local settlements.
At one time the island was a U.S. Navy base, so sometimes found its old name Adak Station (Station Adak), but in 1987 the station was closed and the island has become a commercial port. Today at the site of a former military base on Adak were only ruins.
On this Zippo 1975, we see the image of the national flag USA. By counting the number of stars on the flag, it can be concluded that their 49. After the 34th U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower (January 20, 1953 - January 20, 1961) signed a decree on the inclusion of Alaska in the United States the forty-ninth state, the American flag has one star more. Incidentally, it is a separate geographic location from two U.S. states - the island of Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean and is separated from the mainland of Alaska - is a purely American expression sometimes used in terms of delivery of mail: «lower 48", ie, The "lower 48 states of the continent, excluding Alaska and Hawaii."
Next we go Zippo 1977 airliner featuring "Alaska Airlines". The inscription "The sky's the limit", apparently, once an advertising slogan of the company. If translated literally, the result would be: "The sky is the limit." But it is understood as time opposite meaning. It is understood that the sky - it's vast expanse, something that has no boundaries and no end, so the phrase can be considered a kind of idiom. Its use is rather ambiguous, so in the end, let us consider the most neutral and common sense: there is no limit. The basic meaning of this Russian-language idioms - there is no limit. Well, as a possible reference to the airline, the phrase could mean a: "Alaska Airlines" can be reached anywhere.
And here's another Zippo on the image plane of Alaska, with made in the technique Scrimshaw. This, of course, is not advertising, but simply decorative image, reminiscent of the seaplane as one of the main means of transport to move over endless stretches of water of Alaska:
But Zippo late 1940s advertising Alaska Railroad (Alaska Railroad) . The railway system was built in the early 20th century, and now serves more travel than merely transportation function, passing through several national parks of unusual beauty (below - modern photo).
Classic Zippo 1977 depicting a polar bear and the words "Alaska". By the way, this lighter bear is not as large as in the previous Zippo Teller to the village, but the image of an animal identical. Alaska is one of those places where you can find the largest representative of the terrestrial predators.
On the next Zippo 1985 shows steam Alaska Marine Highway System (AMHS) - Alaska Maritime Transport, acting along the southeast coast, the eastern Aleutian Islands, Inner Strait, and the province of British Columbia, Canada. Transportation system serves the isolated settlements that do not have access to the main road network, so ferries carry people of cargo, vehicles, etc. Alaska Marine Highway System in the United States is a rare example of when a maritime transport on a regular schedule in the first place for the immediate transport purposes, rather than for leisure and entertainment. Although this transport system also allows you wishing to travel on the ferry for a pre-holiday destinations. AMHS is administered by the Alaska Department of Transportation.
And finally, probably the most interesting instance of this review. Zippo Lighter 1950, Canadian production:
On this Zippo before us a story from the life of Alaska - sled dogs pulling a sled in some snowy steppe. Looking at the thumbnail, immediately come to mind sled dog race - Iditarod . However, the most interesting for me details of the picture, made of gold nuggets. As you can see, one of them, apparently, represents the moon or sun, here it is difficult to say. As to the second, then it made a whole team of dogs, sleds and therefore most people in harness. The main question that arose in me, looking at this masterpiece, was the following: the details of the gold nuggets are made directly by the company, or is someone Zippo amateur improvisation, which succeeded well in the general concept of this pattern? In order to more thoroughly investigate this matter, I was contacted for a consultation with his American counterpart, Ed, thanks to which we all learned about the existence of such a delightful Zippo. Here is what Ed:
"As I understand, this is not an amateur improvisation, because I've seen the exact same Zippo. Of course, I doubt that they both are exactly the same, because it is handmade. But what I have seen, I can say with confidence that this is not an ordinary home-made creation. "
So I asked Ed to give a rough estimate of the cost of this Zippo. He said:
"In my view, the approximate cost of Zippo - about 400 - 500 dollars."
Oh, and for comparison, I asked to estimate the cost of this Zippo our main expert Vladimir Mihnovich:
"Product no doubt unique, so an accurate assessment here is quite difficult. I do not rule out that there will be willing to pay $ 1,000 or more for this little masterpiece. "
However, no matter what the cost of this lighter, its small area applied amazing in its beauty and originality of the image, which makes this model one of the most unusual and interesting Zippo ever to appear on pages ZippoCollector.Ru.
The article is written for site www.ZippoGallery.com . Many thanks to its creator and to our colleague Ed for their help in writing this article.